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Complexity Science in Air Traffic Management

Air traffic management (ATM) comprises a highly complex socio-technical system that keeps air traffic flowing safely and efficiently, worldwide, every minute of the year. Over the last few decades, several ambitious ATM performance improvement programmes have been undertaken. Such programmes have mostly delivered local technological solutions, whilst corresponding ATM performance improvements have fallen short of stakeholder expectat...

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Methodisch korrektes Biertrinken: ... und weitere Erkenntnisse aus einer Nacht mit Physik

Quantenmechanik und Festkörperphysik bestimmen unseren Alltag – aber wie funktioniert das eigentlich alles? Reinhard Remfort erzählt Geschichten aus dem Nachtleben eines Physikers. Wieviele Hände braucht es, um beim Stagediven eine Bauchlandung zu vermeiden? Was hat Radioaktivität mit Bierschaum zu tun? Wer mit einem Physiker feiern geht, steht niemals im Dunkeln und wird sich sicher nicht langweilen. Wer sonst kann saure Gurken in S...

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The Physics of the Early Universe

The Physics of the Early Universe is an edited and expanded version of the lectures given at a recent summer school of the same name. Its aim is to present an advanced multi-authored textbook that meets the needs of both postgraduate students and young researchers interested in, or already working on, problems in cosmology and general relativity, with emphasis on the early universe. A particularly strong feature of the present work i...

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Secrets of the Hoary Deep: A Personal History of Modern Astronomy

The discovery of x-rays continues to have a profound and accelerating effect on the field of astronomy. It has opened the cosmos to exploration in ways previously unimaginable and fundamentally altered the methods for pursuing information about our solar system and beyond. Nobel Prize winner Riccardo Giacconi’s highly personal account of the birth and evolution of x-ray astronomy reveals the science, people, and institutional setting...

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Homage to the Discovery of Cosmic Rays, the Meson-muon and Solar Cosmic Rays

There is the conjuncture that 2012 is a special year in the history of physics, that cannot go unobserved without celebration: 100 years of cosmic ray discovery, the 75th anniversary of Muon discovery and 70 years of the discovery of relativistic solar particles (Ground Level Enhancements). Several symposiums have been held in this regard, among which can be mentioned is that of the one held in Pollau, Austria in May 2012. There is n...

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Approaches to Future Space Cooperation and Competition in a Globalizing World: Summary of a Workshop

Numerous countries and regions now have very active space programs, and the number is increasing. These maturing capabilities around the world create a plethora of potential partners for cooperative space endeavors, while at the same time heightening competitiveness in the international space arena. This book summarizes a public workshop held in November 2008 for the purpose of reviewing past and present cooperation, coordination, an...

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Civilized Life in the Universe: Scientists on Intelligent Extraterrestrials

This book is a selective and fascinating history of scientific speculation about intelligent extraterrestrial life. From Plutarch to Stephen Hawking, some of the most prominent western scientists have had quite detailed perceptions and misperceptions about alien civilizations: Johannes Kepler, fresh from transforming astronomy with his work on the shape of planetary orbits, was quite sure alien engineers on the moon were excavating c...

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Planetary Tectonics

This book describes the tectonic landforms resulting from major internal and external forces acting on the outer layers of solid bodies throughout the Solar System. It presents a detailed survey of tectonic structures at a range of length scales found on Mercury, Venus, the Moon, Mars, the outer planet satellites, and asteroids. A diverse range of models for the sources of tectonic stresses acting on silicate and icy crusts is outlin...

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Le promeneur du ciel

L'un des éminents astronomes français, membre de l'Institut, nous raconte le métier d'astronome. On apprend comment on lit une carte du ciel, pourquoi l'atmosphère de Mars est irrespirable… Ce livre fait revivre aussi l'itinéraire d'un grand savant.

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Introduction to Planetary Geomorphology

Nearly all major planets and moons in our Solar System have been visited by spacecraft and the data they have returned has revealed the incredible diversity of planetary surfaces. Featuring a wealth of images, this textbook explores the geological evolution of the planets and moons. Introductory chapters discuss how information gathered from spacecraft is used to unravel the geological complexities of our Solar System. Subsequent cha...