Stars and Stellar Evolution
PDF
Stars and Stellar Evolution

The diverse forms that stars assume in the course of their lives can all be derived from the initial conditions : the mass and the original chemical composition. In this textbook Stars and Stellar Evolution the basic concepts of stellar structure and the main roads of stellar evolution are described. First, the observable parameters are presented, which are based on the radiation emerging from a stellar atmosphere. Then the basic phy...

Handbook of Isotopes in the Cosmos: Hydrogen to Gallium
PDF
Handbook of Isotopes in the Cosmos: Hydrogen to Gallium

Each naturally occurring isotope contributes to the history of matter by having its own special role in cosmic evolution. This volume elucidates the origins of our material world by looking at the abundance of the elements and their isotopes, and how this is interpreted within the theory of nucleosynthesis. Each isotope of elements from Hydrogen to Gallium is covered in detail. The book will be suitable for astronomers, physicists, c...

Foundations of High-Energy-Density Physics
PDF
Foundations of High-Energy-Density Physics

High-energy-density physics explores the dynamics of matter at extreme conditions. This encompasses temperatures and densities far greater than we experience on Earth. It applies to normal stars, exploding stars, active galaxies, and planetary interiors. High-energy-density matter is found on Earth in the explosion of nuclear weapons and in laboratories with high-powered lasers or pulsed-power machines. The physics explored in this b...

Superconductivity and Localization
PDF
Superconductivity and Localization

This book presents a review of theoretical and experimental work on the problem of the interplay of Anderson localization and superconductivity in strongly disordered systems. Superconductivity persists close to disorder-induced metal-insulator transition in a number of real systems, e.g. amorphous metals and compounds, systems disordered by fast neutron irradiation, systems with impurities, etc. High temperature superconductors are ...

Dante and the Early Astronomer : Science, Adventure, and a Victorian Woman Who Opened the Heavens
PDF
Dante and the Early Astronomer

“A creative tale of time-travel that connects the obsessions of a brilliant young woman and her celestial love affair with the sublime poetry of Dante. Daugherty poignantly captures Mary Evershed’s sense of excitement, persistence, and dedication to observational astronomy while tracing her extraordinary intercontinental life journey.”—Priyamvada Natarajan, astrophysicist and author of Mapping the Heavens: The Radical Scientific Idea...

Deep-Sky Companions: The Secret Deep
PDF
Deep-Sky Companions: The Secret Deep

"O'Meara is an exceptionally talented observer, and he shares for most objects the equipment he used and his notes on how the object appeared to him. He also distills the astrophysical literature with the care one would expect from a veteran columnist, and provides the reader with both a historical view of his targets' importance to the field and the most recent results on their unique nature. The book will be most useful as a cover-...

Origins and Evolution of Life: An Astrobiological Perspective
PDF
Origins and Evolution of Life: An Astrobiological Perspective

Devoted to exploring questions about the origin and evolution of life in our Universe, this highly interdisciplinary book brings together a broad array of scientists. Thirty chapters assembled in eight major sections convey the knowledge accumulated and the richness of the debates generated by this challenging theme. The text explores the latest research on the conditions and processes that led to the emergence of life on Earth and, ...

Cosmology: The Science of the Universe 2nd Edition
PDF
Cosmology: The Science of the Universe 2nd Edition

Cosmology: The Science of the Universe is a broad introduction to the science of modern cosmology, with emphasis on its historical origins. The first edition of this best-selling book received worldwide acclaim for its lucid style and wide-ranging exploration of the universe. This eagerly awaited second edition updates and greatly extends the first with seven new chapters that explore early scientific cosmology, Cartesian and Newtoni...

Gravity’s Century: From Einstein’s Eclipse to Images of Black Holes
PDF
Gravity's Century: From Einstein's Eclipse to Images of Black Holes

“There are some extremely clever ways to visualize how gravitation works in a Universe governed by General Relativity under a wide variety of physical conditions, and Cowen explores many of the classic ways you've probably seen before along with some incredibly creative ones that were new, even to me.”―Ethan Siegel, Forbes

The Book of Nothing: Vacuums, Voids, and the Latest Ideas about the Origins of the Universe
PDF
The Book of Nothing: Vacuums, Voids, and the Latest Ideas about the Origins of the Universe

Nothing's conceptual origins were fraught with fear and disbelief, and only three civilizations independently discovered it. How Nothing went from a Babylonian place holder, a Mayan decoration in the empty space where no number fell and an Indian dot signifying all the current aspects of zero, to one of the most essential elements in mathematics, physics and cosmology, is the subject of this enlightening history. Barrow, a Cambridge ...