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Emission of Radio Waves in Particle Showers

This thesis offers the first laboratory validation of microscopic simulations of radio emission from particle showers, including a detailed description of the simulation study. It presents a potential future avenue for resolving the mass composition of cosmic rays via radio detection of air showers. Particle showers are created from cascading interactions when high-energy particles collide with matter, e.g. with air in the case of co...

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Turbulence in the Solar Wind (Lecture Notes in Physics)

This book provides an overview of solar wind turbulence from both the theoretical and observational perspective. It argues that the interplanetary medium offers the best opportunity to directly study turbulent fluctuations in collisionless plasmas. In fact, during expansion, the solar wind evolves towards a state characterized by large-amplitude fluctuations in all observed parameters, which resembles, at least at large scales, the w...

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The First Galaxies: Theoretical Predictions and Observational Clues

New observations of the period between the cosmic recombination and the end of reionization are posing intriguing questions about where the first generations of stars were formed, how the first galaxies were assembled, whether these galaxies have low redshift counterparts, and what role the early galaxies played in the reionization process. Combining the new observational data with theoretical models can shed new light on open issues...

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Stars and Galaxies (9th Edition)

Fascinating, engaging, and extremely visual, STARS AND GALAXIES emphasizes the scientific method throughout as it guides students to answer two fundamental questions: What are we? And how do we know? Updated with the newest developments and latest discoveries in the field of astronomy, authors Michael Seeds and Dana Backman discuss the interplay between evidence and hypothesis, while providing not only facts but also a conceptual fra...

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Women Spacefarers: Sixty Different Paths to Space

This book tells the fascinating stories of the valiant women who broke down barriers to join the space program. Beginning with the orbital flight of USSR cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova in 1963, they became players in the greatest adventure of our time. The author contextualizes their accomplishments in light of the political and cultural climate, from the Cold War in the background to the changing status of women in society at large ...

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Research on Teaching Astronomy in the Planetarium

From a noted specialist in astronomy education and outreach, this Brief provides an overview of the most influential discipline-based science education research literature now guiding contemporary astronomy teaching. In recent years, systematic studies of effective and efficient teaching strategies have provided a solid foundation for enhancing college-level students’ learning in astronomy. Teaching astronomy and planetary science at...

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3rd International Symposium of Space Optical Instruments and Applications

This volume contains selected and expanded contributions presented at the 3rd Symposium on Space Optical Instruments and Applications in Beijing, China June 28 – 29, 2016. This conference series is organised by the Sino-Holland Space Optical Instruments Laboratory, a cooperation platform between China and the Netherlands. The symposium focused on key technological problems of optical instruments and their applications in a space cont...

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Dream Missions: Space Colonies, Nuclear Spacecraft and Other Possibilities

Ever since the dawn of the space age, people have imagined what could be achieved as the boundaries of engineering,technology and human endeavor have been pushed further and further. They had dreams of gigantic launch systems, nuclear-propelled interplanetary spacecraft, and the ultimate - space colonized byhumans. Why did they not (yet) succeed in bringing their projects to reality? Dream Missions takes the reader on a journey throu...

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Astronomy for Older Eyes: A Guide for Aging Backyard Astronomers

This book is for the aging amateur astronomy population, including newcomers to astronomy in their retirement and hobbyists who loved peering through a telescope as a child. Whether a novice or an experienced observer, the practice of astronomy differs over the years. This guide will extend the enjoyment of astronomy well into the Golden Years by addressing topics such as eye and overall health issues, recommendations on telescope eq...