This book is a reader-friendly, relatively short introduction to the modern theory of linear partial differential equations. An effort has been made to present complete proofs in an accessible and self-contained form. The first three chapters are on elementary distribution theory and Sobolev spaces with many examples and applications to equations with constant coefficients. The following chapters study the Cauchy problem for paraboli...

The aim of this paper is to analyse some of the relationships between oscillation theory for linear ordinary differential equations on the real line (shortly, ODE) and the geometry of complete Riemannian manifolds. With this motivation the authors prove some new results in both directions, ranging from oscillation and nonoscillation conditions for ODE's that improve on classical criteria, to estimates in the spectral theory of some g...

Descriptive set theory is mainly concerned with studying subsets of the space of all countable binary sequences. In this paper the authors study the generalization where countable is replaced by uncountable. They explore properties of generalized Baire and Cantor spaces, equivalence relations and their Borel reducibility. The study shows that the descriptive set theory looks very different in this generalized setting compared to the ...

The purpose of this book is to present a Morse theoretic study of a very general class of homogeneous operators that includes the $p$-Laplacian as a special case. The $p$-Laplacian operator is a quasilinear differential operator that arises in many applications such as non-Newtonian fluid flows and turbulent filtration in porous media. Infinite dimensional Morse theory has been used extensively to study semilinear problems, but only ...

A "$2$-group" is a category equipped with a multiplication satisfying laws like those of a group. Just as groups have representations on vector spaces, $2$-groups have representations on "$2$-vector spaces", which are categories analogous to vector spaces. Unfortunately, Lie $2$-groups typically have few representations on the finite-dimensional $2$-vector spaces introduced by Kapranov and Voevodsky. For this reason, Crane, Sheppeard...

"January 2012, volume 215, number 1013 (fourth of 5 numbers)."

This book presents the foundations of Euclidean geometry from the point of view of mathematics, taking advantage of all the developments since the appearance of Hilbert's classic work. Here, real affine space is characterized by a small number of axioms involving points and line segments making the treatment self-contained and thorough. This treatment is accessible for final year undergraduates and graduate students, and can also ser...

The papers in this volume cover a wide variety of topics in the geometric theory of functions of one and several complex variables, including univalent functions, conformal and quasiconformal mappings, and dynamics in infinite-dimensional spaces. In addition, there are several articles dealing with various aspects of Lie groups, control theory, and optimization. Taken together, the articles provide the reader with a panorama of activ...

The authors consider the two matrix model with an even quartic potential $W(y)=y^4/4+\alpha y^2/2$ and an even polynomial potential $V(x)$. The main result of the paper is the formulation of a vector equilibrium problem for the limiting mean density for the eigenvalues of one of the matrices $M_1$. The vector equilibrium problem is defined for three measures, with external fields on the first and third measures and an upper constrain...

The aim of the series is to present new and important developments in pure and applied mathematics. Well established in the community over two decades, it offers a large library of mathematics including several important classics. The volumes supply thorough and detailed expositions of the methods and ideas essential to the topics in question. In addition, they convey their relationships to other parts of mathematics. The series is a...