The authors consider the two matrix model with an even quartic potential $W(y)=y^4/4+\alpha y^2/2$ and an even polynomial potential $V(x)$. The main result of the paper is the formulation of a vector equilibrium problem for the limiting mean density for the eigenvalues of one of the matrices $M_1$. The vector equilibrium problem is defined for three measures, with external fields on the first and third measures and an upper constrain...

The aim of the series is to present new and important developments in pure and applied mathematics. Well established in the community over two decades, it offers a large library of mathematics including several important classics. The volumes supply thorough and detailed expositions of the methods and ideas essential to the topics in question. In addition, they convey their relationships to other parts of mathematics. The series is a...

Let $X$ be a locally compact Hausdorff space with $n$ proper continuous self maps $\sigma_i:X \to X$ for $1 \le i \le n$. To this the authors associate two conjugacy operator algebras which emerge as the natural candidates for the universal algebra of the system, the tensor algebra $\mathcal{A}(X,\tau)$ and the semicrossed product $\mathrm{C}_0(X)\times_\tau\mathbb{F}_n^+$. They develop the necessary dilation theory for both models. ...

The authors develop a notion of axis in the Culler-Vogtmann outer space $\mathcal{X}_r$ of a finite rank free group $F_r$, with respect to the action of a nongeometric, fully irreducible outer automorphism $\phi$. Unlike the situation of a loxodromic isometry acting on hyperbolic space, or a pseudo-Anosov mapping class acting on Teichmuller space, $\mathcal{X}_r$ has no natural metric, and $\phi$ seems not to have a single natural ax...

The author expounds the notion of supported blow-up and applies it to study the renowned Nirenberg/Kazdan-Warner problem on $S^n$. When $n \ge 5$ and under some mild conditions, he shows that blow-up at a point with positive definite Hessian has to be a supported isolated blow-up, which, when combined with a uniform volume bound, is a removable singularity. A new asymmetric condition is introduced to exclude single simple blow-up. Th...

"Regularization techniques" is the common name for a variety of methods used to make sense of divergent series, divergent integrals, or traces of linear operators in infinite-dimensional spaces. Such methods are often indispensable in problems of number theory, geometry, quantum field theory, and other areas of mathematics and theoretical physics. However arbitrary and noncanonical they might seem at first glance, regularized sums, i...

The authors define combinatorial Floer homology of a transverse pair of noncontractible nonisotopic embedded loops in an oriented 2 -manifold without boundary, prove that it is invariant under isotopy, and prove that it is isomorphic to the original Lagrangian Floer homology. Their proof uses a formula for the Viterbo-Maslov index for a smooth lune in a 2 -manifold.

In this paper, the author studies all the elliptic integrable systems, in the sense of C, that is to say, the family of all the $m$-th elliptic integrable systems associated to a $k^\prime$-symmetric space $N=G/G_0$. The author describes the geometry behind this family of integrable systems for which we know how to construct (at least locally) all the solutions. The introduction gives an overview of all the main results, as well as s...

"Volume 215, number 1010 (first of 5 numbers)."

Lobachevski Illuminated provides a historical introduction to non-Euclidean geometry. Lobachevski's trailblazing explorations of non-Euclidean geometry constitute a crucial episode in the history of mathematics, but they were not widely recognized as such until after his death. Within these pages, readers will be guided step-by-step, through a new translation of Lobachevski's groundbreaking book, The Theory of Parallels. Extensive co...