Do We Know What We Are Doing?

The discourse of education for sustainability has been severely limited by the fact that it largely refuses to acknowledge important insights from other fields of learning and knowledge. This reluctance to engage with central insights regarding how the world and, more specifically, how human interactions with both the human and non-human world work, ensures that it has remained a largely self-centred discourse. It is tangled up with ...

Heretical Essays in the Philosophy of History

Heretical Essays is Patocka's final work, and one of his most exciting and iconoclastic. Patocka begins with prehistory, approached through the "natural world" as conceived by Husserl and Heidegger. According to Patocka, nature is as an alien construct, and history, which began as a quest for higher meaning, ends with life as self-sustaining consumption. Patocka explains how Europe declined from its Greek heritage to seek power rathe...

Le raisonnement de l'ours

Comment éliminer la mouche qui empêche son ami le jardinier de dormir ? C'est la question que se pose le protagoniste de la Fable de La Fontaine L'Ours et l'Amateur des jardins. L'animal répond : en écrasant l'insecte au moyen d'un pavé. Et le poète de qualifier l'Ours de mauvais raisonneur. Afin de mesurer la portée philosophique de cette leçon, il faut identifier le défaut de raisonnement de l'Ours ; et, pour cela, développer un co...

Ammonius: On Aristotle On Interpretation 1-8

Aristotle's On Interpretation, the centrepiece of his logic, examines the relationship between conflicting pairs of statements. The first eight chapters, analysed in this volume, explain what statements are, starting from their basic components - the words - and working up to the character of opposed affirmations and negations. Ammonius, who in his capacity as Professor at Alexandria from around AD 470 taught almost all the great six...

Philosophy, History, and Tyranny

On Tyranny remains a perennial favorite, possessing a timelessness that few philosophical or scholarly debates have ever achieved. On one hand, On Tyranny is the first book-length work in Leo Strauss's extended study of Xenophon, and his "Restatement" retains a vivacity and directness that is sometimes absent in his later works. On the other, "Tyranny and Wisdom" is perhaps the most succinct yet fullest articulation of Alexandre Koje...

Naming Evil, Judging Evil

Is it more dangerous to call something evil or not to?  This fundamental question deeply divides those who fear that the term oversimplifies grave problems and those who worry that, to effectively address such issues as terrorism and genocide, we must first acknowledge them as evil. Recognizing that the way we approach this dilemma can significantly affect both the harm we suffer and the suffering we inflict, a distinguished group of...

David Hume: The Philosopher as Historian

A giant of the eighteenth-century Enlightenment, David Hume was one of the most important philosophers ever to write in English. He was also a brilliant historian. In this book—a new and revised edition of his 1989 classic—Nicholas Phillipson shows how Hume freed history from religion and politics. As a philosopher, Hume sought a way of seeing the world and pursuing happiness independently of a belief in God. His groundbreaking appro...

Foundations of the Formal Sciences VI

Probabilistic methods are increasingly becoming an important tool in a variety of disciplines including computer science, mathematics, artificial intelligence, epistemology, game and decision theory and linguistics. In addition to the discussion on applications of probabilistic methods there is an important philosophical debate concerning the precise meaning and interpretation of probabilistic and statistical statements. This volume ...

Adorno's Poetics of Critique

Adorno's Poetics of Critique is a critical study of the Marxist culture-critic Theodor W. Adorno, a founding member of the Frankfurt school and widely regarded today as its most brilliant exponent. Steven Helmling is centrally concerned with Adorno's notoriously difficult writing, a feature most commentators acknowledge only to set it aside on the way to an expository account of 'what Adorno is saying'. By contrast, Adorno's complex ...

Introduction à la philosophie de l'histoire

Raymond Aron s'oppose ici au rationalisme scientiste comme au positivisme : «il faut comprendre l'histoire pour penser la destinée humaine», donc la philosophie de l'histoire est une introduction à la philosophie ; «il n'y a pas de devenir humain sans une doctrine de l'homme», donc elle en est la conclusion. Biographie de l'auteur Né à Paris en 1905, Raymond Aron, agrégé de philosophie, docteur ès lettres, a apporté son concours à di...