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Quasicrystals: A Primer

In 1984 physicists discovered a monster in the world of crystallography, a structure that appeared to contain five-fold symmetry axes, which cannot exist in strictly periodic structures. Such quasi-periodic structures became known as quasicrystals. A previously formulated theory in terms of higher dimensional space groups was applied to them and new alloy phases were prepared which exhibited the properties expected from this model mo...

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Nuclear Magnetic Resonance: Volume 31

As a spectroscopic method, Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) has seen spectacular growth over the past two decades, both as a technique and in its applications. Today the applications of NMR span a wide range of scientific disciplines, from physics to biology to medicine. Each volume of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance comprises a combination of annual and biennial reports which together provide comprehensive of the literature on this topic...

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Collective Motion and Phase Transitions in Nuclear Systems

This volume contains the invited contributions that were presented at the Predeal International Summer School in Nuclear Physics 2006. It covers the recent achievements in the fields of nuclear structure, double beta decay, nuclear multifragmentation, kaon and dilepton production in heavy ion collisions, and the quark-gluon plasma. The treatment is both theoretical and experimental, with emphasis on the collective aspects and related...

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Microlens Arrays

The general trend towards miniaturisation and parallelism in optics and electro-optics has led to a requirement for arrays of sub-millimetre sized lenses. Thus, the demand for these microlens arrays has increased dramatically over recent years. Dan Daly's book describes the technology of microlens arrays and provides a recipe for producing them. It surveys the many fabrication techniques and discusses the numerous applications which ...

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A Textbook of Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulic Machines

Chapter 1. Properties of Fluids Chapter 2. Pressure and Its Measurement Chapter 3. Hydrostatic Forces on Surfaces Chapter 4. Buoyancy and Floatation Chapter 5. Kinematics of Flow and Ideal Flow Chapter 6. Dynamics of Fluid Flow Chapter 7. Orifices and Mouthpieces Chapter 8. Notches and Weirs Chapter 9. Viscous Flow Chapter 10. Turbulent Flow Chapter 11. Flow Through Pipes Chapter 12. Dimensional and Model Analysis Chapter 13. Boundar...

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Soft Matter Physics

Soft matter (polymers, colloids, surfactants and liquid crystals) are an important class of materials in modern technology. They also form the basis of many future technologies, for example in medical and environmental applications. Soft matter shows complex behaviour between fluids and solids, and used to be a synonym of complex materials. Due to the developments of the past two decades, soft condensed matter can now be discussed on...

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Radiation Detection and Measurement, 4 edition

This is the resource that engineers turn to in the study of radiation detection. The fourth edition takes into account the technical developments that continue to enhance the instruments and techniques available for the detection and spectroscopy of ionizing radiation. New coverage is presented on ROC curves, micropattern gas detectors, new sensors for scintillation light, and the excess noise factor. Revised discussions are also inc...

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Theory of Nonclassical States of Light

The term 'nonclassical states' refers to the quantum states that cannot be produced in the usual sources of light, such as lasers or lamps, rather than those requiring more sophisticated apparatus for their production. Theory of Non-classical States of Light describes the current status of the theory of nonclassical states of light including many new and important results as well as introductory material and the history of the subjec...

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Negative Quantum Channels

This book is a brief introduction to negative quantum channels, i.e., linear, trace-preserving (and consistent) quantum maps that are not completely positive. The flat and sharp operators are introduced and explained. Complete positivity is presented as a mathematical property, but it is argued that complete positivity is not a physical requirement of all quantum operations. Negativity, a measure of the lack of complete positivity, i...

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Hadrons and Quark-Gluon Plasma

Before matter as we know it emerged, the universe was filled with the primordial state of hadronic matter called quark gluon plasma. This hot soup of quarks and gluon is effectively an inescapable consequence of our current knowledge about the fundamental hadronic interactions, quantum chromodynamics. This book covers the ongoing search to verify this prediction experimentally and discusses the physical properties of this novel form ...